Amasya Castle (Harshena)

The Castle was constructed in Hellenistic Period and restored several times in Roman, Byzantine and Seljuks Period. The castle includes dungeons and prison constructed by Bayezid II. You can view the entire city from the Castle. 70 m down from the Castle, there are ruins of tower and mosque and a stepped-gallery from the 3th century BC, reaching to the Yesilirmak and to the king tombs.

The castle is located on the Harshena Mountain and it has eight defense levels up to the Yesilirmak. There is a passage in the Castle called “Cilanbolu”. Cilanbolu has 150 stairs carved downwards through the foot of the mountain and a diameter of 8 m.
There are reservoirs within the castle, and at its foot, ruins of Bath belonging to the Ottoman Period and king tombs carved out of rocks. Most parts of the wall and ramparts of the castle are still standing.

The rocks mass, where The Castle was constructed, is 700 m. above sea level and 300 m. above Yesilirmak bed. The Castle is also known as “ Harshena Castle” and this name comes from the name of the commander who constructed the Castle, according to some historians.

The Castle changed hands several times and was destroyed because of military turbulances and conflicts. Amasya Castle which came under many attacks in the Persian, the Roman, the Pontic and Byzantine Periods, has been ruined through history, then restored and rebuilt several times. Harshena Castle, seriously destructed during the severe struggles between the Romans and the Pontics, was remarkably restored after the conquest of Amasya by Turks in 1075. It was used until the 18th century and later it lost its military importance.

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