Nimrod Mountain National Park

This is the intersection of eastern and western civilisations. From the 2,150 metres high peak of Nemrut Mountain there is a panoramic view of the region, making for an extraordinary atmosphere. Everything you will see from the summit, which overlooks to the Euphrates River and the surrounding plains and is 71 km from Adıyaman and 51 km from Kahta, will create a striking effect on you.

The giant statues and the huge tumulus temple atop the summit, built in the 1st century BC by the Commagene King Antiochos I, are classified by UNESCO on its World Cultural Heritage list. The entire Nemrut site, including the Eskikale (Old Fortress), Karakuş Hill, Cendere Bridge and Yenikale (New Citadel) is a national park. It is known that the tomb of King Antiochos is under the tumulus. The king aimed to unit eastern and western civilisations and creates a rich culture. This is why the names of the statues around the terraces were written in both the Persian and Greek languages. From the eastern terrace possibly the most beautiful sunrise in the world can be seen. As the first rays of the sun begin rising behind the mountains and slowly cast their over the 10 metres high statues and reliefs it is as if the Gods are ending their long sleep and are returning to earth.

From left to right there are statues of Apollo, Mithra, Helios, Hermes, the Commagene fertility goddess Tyche Fortuna and God of Gods Zeus, Oromasdes, King Antiochos, Heracles and Ares, seated on thrones between the statutes of eagle and lion.
The Gods are lined up in same order on the western terrace, with King Antiochos among them. In the surrounding carved reliefs the king is depicted as shaking hands with the Gods. The road that extends on the northern terrace links the eastern and western terraces. As wonderful and exciting as the sunrise is, the sunset as viewed from the eastern terrace is as beautiful. Within the Nemrut National Park area, on the foothills around the mountain and on the banks of the Kahta Stream, in the ancient city of Arsemia that used to be the summer capital for the Commagene Kingdom, you can see carved reliefs and inscriptions of Antiochos.

The Cendere Koprusu (Bridge) and the Karakus Tumulusu (Black Bird Tumulus)

The bridge spanning the Kahta Çay (Stream), 18 km to the north of the town of Kahta, is still in use. Built using the technique of compressing stone, the bridge was erected by the Romans. Three out of the originally four columns at the two ends of the bridge are still standing. The bridge, which is 2,000 years old, was built by joint efforts of four Commagene cities and for the honour of the emperor and his wife. Ten km from the Cendere Bridge and 49 km from Adıyaman is the Karakuş Tumulus a tomb built for the mother of the Commagene King Mithradates It. The statues of a bull, an eagle and a lion are worth seeing. It is believed that this area was a cemetery for women of the Commagene dynasty.

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