Kayseri has always been a settlement spot since the very beginning of the known history. It was the capital of the cappadocia for some time, then it went under the Roman rule in the XVII century. Then came the Byzantines. Arabs have also been here for four times with intervals. The Seljuks took over the city in 1071 and in 1215, it was added into the Ottoman frontiers. And today it is developing as a city of industry and trade while maintaining its history at the same time.

Kayseri Castle

The north walls of the castle in the Republic Square are from the Byzantines. The other parts were built during the reign of Seljuk Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat I. To protect the city against Mongol attacks. It is in two sections as an inner and an outer castle. The inner one is well kept; the ruins of a mosque and fountain made by Ottoman Sultan Mehmet The Conqueror, can be seen in it. The ruins of some towers of the outer walls can be seen in some quarters of the city. The Seljuk Medresseh (1267) we shall see the Sahabiye Medresseh when we are walking from the Cumhuriyet Alam (Republic Square) towards the İstasyon Caddesi (Station Street) is now a museum where Seljuk works are displayed.

The Şifaiye Medresseh is near İstasyon Caddesi. This Seljuk work, built as a hospital and medresseh in 1205, may be taken as the first school of medicine in Anatolia. Now it is used as the rectorate office for the Kayseri University. There is a Museum of Medicine History in the Giyasiye and Şifa Medresseh.

Honat (Huand) Hatun Kulliyesi

This complex, comprised of a mosque, turbehs and bath buildings being the first complex of the Seljuks was built in 1238. The medresseh consists of two sections. There are 16 rooms and a large schoolroom in the court. Ant the bath is built on a twin bath plan; two different sections for men and women.

Archaeological Museum

Ceramics from prehistoric age, tablets dug out from the Kultepe excavations, Hittite works, Kululu statues, Phrygian and Roman and Byzantine ceramics, glass and metal works, busts are displayed in the museum. The museum is next to the tomb of Mahperi Hatun, wife of Seljuk Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat. Keykubatiye Palaces: It is a complex of summerhouses built for Alaaddin Keykubat in 1224. It consists of three kiosks. The Kurşunlu Mosque is a work of Architect Sinan. It is made of cut stone on a square plan. It was restored in 1941. Küllük Mosque is from 1210. It was damaged by the 1335 earthquake was later restored. It had a final restoration in 1968. The Sahabiye Medresseh (1267) on the İstasyon Caddesi and the Hacı Kılıç Mosque and Medresseh (1249) are also Seljuk works. The Covered Bazaar (1859) is a shopping centre as well as an historical centre with its 500 shops.

Talas and Germir

Two of the old settlement spots of Kayseri but now two suburban districts both were very popular during the first years of the new Republic until the peoples exchange program. Greeks and Armenians were the majority in their population. We have too many churched today coming from those days but only a little of them are in good condition. The Byzantine church in Talas is one of these. The timber houses in Talas are also in well preserved condition.

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Mount Erciyes

The symbol of Kayseri is the Mount Erciyes, before you wherever you go. Its peak is always in the clouds with an ever there snowcap. This volcanic mountain has been impressing people even in the ancient times with its 3900-m height. Cora and Sari Lakes have been formed on its slopes by the lavas. Besides its natural beauties. Mount Erciyes is a winter sports centre as well. In order to go up to the sports centre you should first go up till the Hisarcık Village by bus and then take a taxi. Its skiing tracks with their powdery snow, inclination and length are counted among the best-liked skiing tracks in the world. The tracks are between 1800-3000-m elevations and they total to 3200- m. There are 2 teleskis and 1 chair lift.

Kenesh (Kültepe)

Kultepe, 22-km northeast of Kayseri, is one of the largest tumulus in Central Anatolia. Quite a few encrypted tablets were discovered by the excavations held here that put some more light onto the ancient past. The tablets, known as Cappadocia Tablets and found in earthenware envelopes are the commercial and personal letters of the Assyrian tradesmen. The tablets tell about various subjects, like purchase, sales, debts, interest, tax, slave sales, spelling magic, weddings and divorces. The tumulus is 450 x 550-m in dimensions and is 20-m high with four levels.

Hot Springs

The Bayrampasa Kaplica is 1.5-km away from the Bayramhaci Village. It is especially good ‘f/ for rheumatisms and gout. The Tekgoz Kaplica is in Yemliha Village and is claimed to be good for rheumatisms and joint diseases with its 40 degree hot waters. Facilities exist by both of them. Yeşilhisar İçmesi (Mineral Spring): This spring’s water comes out at a flow rate of 0,4 Lt per second at 20 degrees make some simulative effect on the stomach and intestines. There exists a lodging facility nearby.

Sultan Sazlığı

It is right near the Ovaciftlik Village on the way from Kayseri to Yahyali that is famous with its carpets. The Sultan Sazlığı, a bird’s paradise, is made of three lakes. It is verified that 251 sorts of birds, local or immigrant, live here. 20 of 72 birds species whose race are slowly exhausting brood here at this Sultan Sazlığı. This is the only spot in Europe where cranes, herons, flamingos and pelicans brood side by side. Lake’s shores are rush all around. You can have a boat or raft ride on the lake.

Yahyali Kapuzbasi Waterfalls

Yahyali District of Kayseri is also famous for its Kapuzbasi waterfalls as well as its carpets. The waterfalls are within the Aladag National Park area. The Aladaglar Mountain is one the best-liked spots of the trekking track. The Aladag and Aksu streams falling from 70-m at seven different spots at Kapuzbasi make a splendid scene. Because the volume of falling water is too large, the water droplets spread on to a very vast area. There are plain spots in this area with restaurants where you can camp. And the main dish is trout. The Aladaglar National Park is also suitable for sports of nature, like rafting, besides trekking tours. It is possible to raft on the Zamanti River. The Erdemli Valley, 70-km from Kayseri on the Kayseri-Adana highway is considered one of the best excursion sites with its historical monastery, church and rock tomb ruins and its natural beauties.

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