Dardanelles / Çanakkale

troy ancient city turkey



Because of its strategic geographical location, Çanakkale region (Troas) has seen many invasions throughout its history which goes back to about 5000 BC. The region includes important archaeological sites such as Troy, Neandria, Alexandria-Troas, Assos, Chryse, Dardanos and Lampsakos. It was conquered by the Persians in the 5th century BC and by Alexander the Great in 334 BC. Subsequent to the death of Alexander the Great, the region came under the sovereignty of the Romans in the second century BC until 395 AD, after which the Byzantine Period began. Arab and Crusader invasions followed the Byzantine Period. In the 14th century, the Karasioğulları, a Turkish tribe, came into the region and made Balıkesir their capital.


Ottoman Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror founded and developed the city of Çanakkale in the 15th century. In the following periods, the city continued to grow thanks to its geographical position. During the First World War, British, French and Russian navies attacked the Turkish forts in the Çanakkale Strait in order to take control of the Straits and Istanbul and to open a passage for aid to Russia. Bloody battles were fought in Seddülbahir, Arıburnu, Morto Bay, Alçıtepe, Kanlisirt, Conkbayin, Kabatepe, Kocaçimen and Anafartalar. In 1915 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, commander of the Turkish army, led a successful campaign to drive out the Allied Powers from the area.




Ayvacık, Bayramiç, Biga, Bozcaada, Çan, Eceabat, Ezine, Gelibolu, Gökçeada, Lapseki, Yenice.




On the shores of Gelibolu Peninsula are Anıt Seaport (Morto Bay), Poyraz Bay, Akbaş Seaport, Gelibolu Seaport and Bahçe Seaport (including Hamzakoy and Çankaya Seaports). Karanlık Seaport, İntepe Seaport, İskele Seaport, Kepez Bay, Saltık Seaport and Lapseki Seaport are on the Anatolian shores.




Kumkale, Pırnal, Karakulak, Kumbağı, Abidos, Kaya, Saltık, Kümren, Kunduz Kaya, Gocuk and Çardak Ova.




Located on the north-western coast of Turkey, Çanakkale, like Istanbul, embraces two continents with one arm reaching out to Asia, Biga Peninsula, and the other Europe, Gelibolu Peninsula.




The transition climate between Black Sea and Mediterranean climates is dominating the city. Winters are mild, windy and rainy, and summers are windy and hot. Daily temperatures in summer range between 25 “C and 35 “C. The temperature of the sea is the highest in July and August.




Çanakkale is a strategic region of Anatolia. That’s why it had been invaded on several occasions in the past. The history of Çanakkale region so-called as “Hellespontos” and “Dardanelles” in ancient ages has gone back to about 5000 BC. The Trojan Ruins which is 30 km away from the Çanakkale Centrum is one of the most ancient centers of population. Trojan Ruins that is a cultural center of Anatolia nearly 2000 years has 9 layers. The region includes important archaeological sites such as Troy, Neandreia, Alexandria-Troas, Assos, Ghryse, Dardanos and Lampsakos.


When Achaean (Akhaihlar) troops did not capture Trojan Castle around 1200 BC, they went on board their ships but they left a great wooden horse at the edge of the castle. When the Trojans who took the horse inner part of a fortress arranged victory festivals, Achaeans who were kept in a horse opened doors of the fortress and they attacked with other soldiers who were in the ships and they captured the city. The Spartans after Achaeans, Persians in 5 BC and then Alexander the Great the king of Macedon captured this region in 4 BC. After all The Roman Empire dominated the region. However when the Roman Empire was divided into two different empires in 395 AD, this region remained in the Eastern Roman Empire. The Islam troops with their strong fleet passing the Dardanelles besieged Istanbul in 668, 672 and 717 AD and captured Çanakkale region. Byzantine, Latin and Italian republics dominated this region in common.


After Malazgirt Victory in 1071, the Selçuk Turks went down to Çanakkale but they could not capture the Dardanelles entirely. When the Crusader troops occupied İznik at the Crusaders in 1097, the Selçuk Turks retreated inwards from the coast of Sea of Marmara and the Aegean. Turk troops under the command of Emir Mohammed also went down to Çanakkale but they retreated because of the Second Crusade.


Karesioğulları who was independent breaking with the Selçuk Sultanate of Rum captured Çanakkale definitely in 14“1 century. Karesioğulları adhered to the Ottoman Empire in the Orhan Gazi’s reign. The Turks marched on Europe passing Çanakkale. Gelibolu was conquered Prince Süleyman Pasha. In the reign of Murat I the Ottomans captured entire coast of the Dardanelles after 1362. The Sultan of Ottoman Empire Fatih Sultan Mehmet established and built up Çanakkale city in the 15“1 century. The city continued its development as its geographic condition after Fatih’s reign. In the I. World War the fleets of English, French and Russians attacked passing the Dardanelles in order to capture Istanbul and open the Straits way for Russia, and bloody wars occurred in Seddülbahir, Anburnu, Morto Koyu, Alçıtepe, Kanhsirt, Conk Bayın, Kabatepe, Kocaçimen and Anafartalar. Turkish soldiers under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk enabled that the Allies retreated from the region in 1915 writing a heroic tale, and the Allies accepted that “Çanakkale must not be passed.”




Between 3200 BC and 400 AD the Trojan Ruins which is a cultural center of Anatolia nearly 2000 years has 9 layers. By reason of the fact that it is one of the ancient centers of population between two continents, it becomes the city of trade, wealth and wars. Troia that is mentioned in the Iliad of Homer is sixth of these settlement layers. Hecuba who is the wife of King Priamos of Troia has a nightfall that her abdomen catches fire and its smoke fills the city walls. They advise with predictors. The queen is pregnant and the child will bring evil to the city. When the child is born, he is left on Mount Ida. A herdsman finds and grows him, his name is Paris. Paris is in love with Helen who is the wife of King Sparta and he abducts her to Troia. The cause of outbreak of the war undergoing 10 years has been told in mythology. Achaeans attack to Troy but they do not capture. When Achaean troops can not capture Trojan Castle around 1200 BC, they go on board their ships but they leave a great wooden horse at the edge of the castle. When the Trojans who take the horse inner part of a fortress arrange victory festivals, Achaeans who are kept in a horse opened doors of the fortress and they attack with other soldiers who are in the ships and they captured the city.




A representative horse is made thereupon this story in mythology and it is placed entry of the Trojan Ruins. Another horse that is used in Troy film is located in Çanakkale centrum.


TROY I (3000-2500 BC)

Troia I period which is dated 3000 – 2500 BC is known as Early, Middle and Last Period. The walls which were braided in the way of bone which is particular to the period and using copper and bronze in tools.


TROY II (2500-2300 BC)

This period is explained as 2a, 2b, 2c with its 3 basic phase which is composed of overlapping 7 layers. Adornments, ornaments and pots belong to this ages were made from gold, silver and electron have been found.


TROY III (2250-2200 BC)

In this period great progress is not appeared as much as other periods. This period is regarded as a follow-up of Troy II in a sense.


TROY IV-V (2200-1800 BC)

Remains of houses are found in this period. The ceramic works of earlier Hellas period imply the existence of Troy’s commercial relations.


TROY VI (1700-1200 BC)

The imported Mycenaean and Cyprus pots are found in this period.


TROY VII (1200-1000 B.C)

We see again the Mycenaean and Cyprus pots of sixth period.


TROY VIII (900-350BC)

The magnificent Athena Temple and antiques of two altars have been acquired in archaeological excavations.


TROY IX (350BC- 400 AD)

Mosaic structures, a theater and bouleuterion (building which housed the council of citizens) belonging this period have been found.






1- Çimenlik Fortress and Military Museum

2- National Park Department

3- Çanakkale Monument

4- Kilitbahir Fortress

5- Seyit Onbaşı Monument

6- Havuzlar Cemetery

7- Fevzi Çakmak Memorial

8- Kerevizdere Cemetery

9- Çanakkale Monument to the Fallen, Museum and Cemetery

10- French Memorial and Cemetery

11- Seddülbahir Fortress

12- Kumkale

13- İlk Şehitler Memorial

14- Yahya Çavuş Memorial

15- British Memorial

16- “Beach” Cemetery

17- “Skew Bridge” Cemetery

18- “Redoubt” Cemetery

19- Alçıtepe Museum

20- Garnizon Memorial

21- Sargıyeri Memorial

22- Son Ok Memorial

23- Zığındere Memorial

24- Nuri Yamut Memorial

25- “Twelve Tree Copse” Cemetery

26- “Pink Farm” Cemetery

27- Kabatepe Information Centre

28- Kanlı Sırt Monument

29- “Lone Pine”Australian Memorial and Cemetery

30- Yarbay Hüseyin Avni Cemetery

31- Yüzbaşı Mehmet Cemetery

32- “Johnston’s Jolly” Cemetery

33- “Courtney Steels Post” Cemetery

34- 57th Regiment Cemetery

35- Mehmetçik Monument

36- “Quinn’s Post” Cemetery

37- “Baby 700” Cemetery

38- Arıburnu Cliffs

39- Conkbayır – Mehmetçik Memorial

40- Mehmet Çavuş Monument

41- Conkbayır – New Zealand Memorial&Cemetery

42- Atatürk Monument

43- Kemalyeri Monument

44- “Shell Green” Cemetery

45- “Shrapnel Valley” Cemetery

46- “Anzac” Memorial and Cemetery

47- “Anzac” Cove

48- Arıburnu Monument&Cemetery

49- “Walker’s Ridge” Cemetery

50- “The Neck” Cemetery

51- “The Farm” Cemetery

52- “Hill 60” Cemetery

53- “Embarkation Pier N.2M Cemetery

54- “7th Field Ambulance” Cemetery

55- Damakçıbayırı Monument

56- İsmailoğlu Yusufçuk Tepe Monument

57- Büyükkemikli Monument

58- Kireçtepe Cemetery

59- Atatürk’s House

60- Akbaş Cemetery




The Gelibolu Peninsula which has become a national park in memory of the soldiers, who lost their lives here on the peninsula during the World War I, covers an area of 33.000 hectares of land. Preserving that time in history, the national park is very significant regarding the recent history of Turkey.



Kilitbahir Fortress at the narrowest point of the strait is splendidly standing directly opposite Çanakkale. It was built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror on the European side to control the passage of ships through the Strait.



The memorial which is 2.5 meters was built for martyrs of Balkan and the Gallipoli Campaign in




This Monument was erected in honour of Sergeant Koca Seyit, who, spurred on by the loss of all of his friends in the Rumeli Mecidiye Battalion, lifted a 275 kg cannon ball single-handedly and fired it against the British cruiser, the Ocean.



The cemetery was built in memory of 2 military officers and soldiers who martyrized in Kerevizdere on 25 June 1915 in 1961.



The marble memorial was built in memory of bringing bones of 10.000 soldiers to there by villagers.



They were built for foreign soldiers who died in Kirte War.



The Sargiyeri Memorial stands on the site of an open-air hospital bombed during the land wars of April 28th 1915. The Turkish soldiers who were receiving treatment here were all killed.



This 41.70 meter-high monument was erected in memory of the 253.000 Turkish heroes who lost their lives during the Gallipoli Campaign. It has four legs supported by a pedestal 25x25m in diameter.



Preserved to the present day, the Ertuğrul Battery, on the hill just bellow the Helles Memorial, is a witness of the military attack on the morning of April 25th 1915.



The Yahya Çavuş Memorial symbolizes the supenhuman efforts of Yahya Çavuş and his 63 brothers in arm who heroically held off the enemy. The Memorial is located on a hill overlooking Ertuğrul Bay.



It is erected in memory of 86 martyrs, 5 military officers and 81 soldiers who died first in the Gallipoli Campaign. It is known also as Depot Cemetery (Cephanelik Şehitliği).



Erected in memory of the soldiers of the 57 th Regiment, this memorial is dedicated to those who is dedicated to those who carried out Mustafa Kemal ATAT ÜRK’s legendary military order: ”1 do not order you to attack but to die”.



Conkbayin was one of the most important targets of the Gallipoli Camping. The Sanbayir Battles which took place between August 6th and 10th saw New Zealand forces try to take the frontier of Conkbayin. Their attempt was met with the staunch defence of Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK and the bid was unsuccessful. This Memorial was erected in honour of the New Zealand Soldiers who lost their lives.



This monument is formed of five large panels symbolising the fiva fingers of a man praying for the martyrs. Just over the hill is a giant statue of Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK, in honour of the time when his life was saved as a bullet hit his pocket watch.



The solemn but glorious Anburnu Cliffs, echo the memory of the thousands of Turkish soldiers that lost their lives here in the attacks on May 19th 1915.



This Monument stands proudly as a mark of respect for the great courage, patriotism and humanism shown by Turkish soldiers during the Gallipoli Camping.



The Lone Pine cemetery and memorial at Kanlisirt stand in memory of the 4228 Australian and 708 New Zealand soldiers known to have lost their lives during the battles.



The Helles Memorial was erected in commemoration of the 20.761 English. Australian and Indian soldiers who fought and died here.



It is on the right side of Alçıtepe village. It was built in memory of 10.000 martyrs in 1948 by Mulga Division Command 7.



It is 2.5 km. west of Alçıtepe village. It was built in behalf of 10.000 heroes who martyrized in Zigindere War which occurred between 26 June and 12 July 1915



The FrenchMemorial and Cemetery lie on the slopes overlooking Morto Bay, and the memorial was erected in honour of the 14.382 French soldiers who lost their lives at Gallipoli.



It was built by the Gendarmerie Soldier School 10 so called Mehmet Çavuş by the time.



The hause, where Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK stayed during the Çanakkale Battle of World War I, has now become amuseum. It is located in the village of Bigalı.





Çanakkale is one of the culture and tourism centers of our country with its nature, people’s hospitality, unique buildings, ancient cities, historical city walls, martyr’s cemeteries, civil architecture examples, clean coastlines and beaches with blue flag, fascinating islands, thermal springs, equable climate, various agricultural products, regional cuisine, fresh and assorted fishes, handicrafts, folklore and artists. Çanakkale where offers a differential beauty in each season is an antique, natural and modern city with its geography within the sea, abundance of its lands and historical magnificence.


Çanakkale is a historical, cultural and training city with its 5 millennium background. In addition to this, it is an important tourist center which incorporates magical and historical places which are nourished by antique cultural treasures as like in Iliad of Homer with epics.


Çanakkale which is known as “Hellespontos” and “Dardanelles” in ancient years is located in Marmara and the Aegean regions. The length of the coastline is 671 km and it is our city where the history and geography come together significantly. Gelibolu Peninsula where the Gallipoli Campaign which is important and specific in our history and World War history occur, Troy and Assos which are important centers in Western Anatolia of ancient world are essential tourist and historical values of Çanakkale. The ancient cities which remain from a historical process Trojan War to the Gallipoli Campaign and sanctorum has embodied theme of “Peace” to the city’s identity. Çanakkale has done the honors of “Peace.”


When Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK who is the founder of the Republic calls out to mothers who sent chüdren into war from distant regions, he transmitted the message of “Peace in homeland, peace in the world” by saying that, “Your children are in our heart.”


Sea and port determine settlement of the city as well as other sea towns. The restaurants, cafes, bars, banks for resting or gazing at the Strait which bestride ferryboat port across the waterfront are arranged as promenade and entertainment center. Environment of the waterfront and port is active day and night. The essential part of waterfront restaurants which have fresh fish in each season is sea food.


Aynalı Çarşı (Passage Hallio) which is a small example of Spice Bazaar in Istanbul and the Clock Tower are places which must be seen definitely. Kepez is the best excursion spot overlooking the Dardanelles, and Kepezalti location across the Dardanelles is holiday resort which has been dwelt in summer and winter.


Güzelyalı is a holiday center suited for surfing. There are so many picnic fields around Çanakkale (Balaban Fountain). This recreation spot with cafes, restaurants and hotels offers possibility to view attractive sight of the Kilitbahir Fortress which is lighted nights, too.


Today Çimenlik Fortress is a military museum. In the museum, there is a model of Ship of Nusrat which laid mines to the strait during the war in memory of I. World War. There have been reports which remain from that period in the ship. The inside of the fortress turns round walls 5 meters at height and 8 meters at width which Atatürk’s pictures and weapons are displayed.


Water Sports and Diving

The Dardanelles is exposed to the wind constantly and regularly. Therefore all around of the Dardanelles but especially Güzelyalı coast region is good for windsurfing fans. Bozcaada is also ideal for windsurfing fans with its clean and shallow sea. There are a good deal lagans which will attract divers5 interest in the Dardanelles, Bozcaada, Saros Gulf and Imbros. The Captain Franko at the exit of the Dardanelles and the Lundy which is located at 30 meters off coast of the Kemikli Cape are lagans for diving. Around the Kuzu Port is proclaimed as the Underwater National Park and it offers various alternatives for divers. In the region between Mermer Lighthouse and Anatolian side, ship records and enormous anchors have been found. The Orfoz and Karayer islands around the Eşek Island are diving points where all kinds of animate are seen. The Mermer Cape and the southern coast of the Tuz Cape in Bozcaada are convenient for skin dive. There are the camping sites in the Dardanos -10 km to Çanakkale. Güzelyalı and İntepe is located in 5-7 km far away from the historical place. The golden beaches, camping sites, motels, guesthouses and restaurants are found here.



It hasn’t been known when our cute town was established which was a small village with 15-20 houses so-called Kizilcatuglu between the years of 1300 and 1335. The ancient Assos and Chryse ruins are well-known places in the region. The Hüdavendigar Mosque, Hüdavendigar Bridge and the Ummuhan Hatun Mosque reflect the Turk- Islam architecture of 14^ century.



Assos that is 87 km south of (Çanakkale is an ancient seaport bordering on Behramkale village of Ayvacık. The town came down to south -the sea with terraces in order to protect the town from corsairs in ancient period. Today the village is located in the north. The city walls’ last period is belonging to 4th century and the city turns round city walls (4km) from 6 BC. The stone which was used when the city built was processed in a hard manner but also enduring called as “stone eat human” by ancient writers.


The Western Necropolis (The Cemetery)

In the Necropolis, the cemetery that is used from 7 BC to 2 BC is a first excavation site has been found. In the cemetery the oldest treasures are pots which the body’s ashes in them and they are closed and then buried. Afterwards deceased is imposed in a greater earthenware jar like as a fetus and it is closed with stone in order to he or she can not come back again according to their belief. If a man is died, his wife veils in order not to recognized her by him. The tombs belonging to next period had been robbed by treasure hunters in the past. However bones and death presents have been found at the bottom in the tombs. The most valuable foundling is a women orchestra sculpture that was made by terra-cotta belonging to 4 BC.


The Acropolis (Up to city)

The Athens Temple which was built in Archaic Age in Anatolia in 525 BC and dedicated to Goddess of Athena has been found. The temple is the first and particular as entasis. The second temple which .was found is Byzantine basilica belonging to 4 century.



Repaired one of two breakwaters in the ancient city port is used today. There are stone structures that most of them used as a hotel or motel and a fountain which remained from Roman Empire in the port by reason of the fact that not to be allow building new buildings.


The Agora

The northern stoa is two-folded; the southern stoa is four-folded and in the center there is a small temple belonging to 6 th century which is devoted to Goddess of Athena. Küçükkuyu is above the foothill of Mount of Ida. Homer writes these words into Zeus—King of Gods mouth in Iliad. The ancient city of Gargara is antecedent of modern Küçükkuyu. Küçükkuyu is a sea town with large and small accommodation facilities. It is a settlement with its beaches, clean sea, abundant, olive trees, pines, a flora and a fauna.


Yeşilyurt Village (Büyük Çetmi)

There haven’t been any reinforced concrete constructions in the village but there are beautiful stone mansions in good repair. The villagers look after the cultural texture in order to protect the village.



Babakale is well-known with the Babakalesi which was built by Ottomans in 1723, the beacon in Bababurnu, the Ak Port, stony narrow streets, old village houses and beaches. People of Babakale get along with tourism, fishery, oil cultivation beside shoes and knife trade.


The Zeus Altar

Homer mentions as “the temple of Zeus, his redolence altar” in Iliad. It is covered with stone wall, and it is as much as a small room and there is a cistern with water in it that was built for the purpose of religious offerings to Gods.


The Museum of Olive, Olive Oil and Soap

The museum is located in the county of Küçükkuyu. In the museum garden, traditional way of making olive oil soap is exhibited to those who are interested.



The works of archaic age have been found in the Bayramiç area which is known that it was within the boundaries of the Kingdom of Troy. The ruins of the Skepsis city which was the Aiol settlement near Kurşuntepe and Akpınar a colony which was established by Kiemas in Çaldağ village are important among them. The Tepe Mosque, the Taşköprü Mosque, the Hadimoğlu Mansion and Taşköprü rank among the structures of Ottoman period.


The Hadımoğlu Mansion

The 18th century Hadimoğlu Mansion is the most outstanding Ottoman structure in Bayramiç. The mansion has been restored and now serves as the Ethnographical Museum.



The beauty competition is organized in the town as parallel to choice of Paris among the beautiful Goddess in mythology.



Biga in the northeast of Çanakkale is annexed by Macedonian King Alexander the Great its kingdom in 334BC and afterwards it is under the sway of Byzantines through long ages. The town so-called Pigas(Kaynaklar) in 12th century was established over the ancient Pegae city. In 1364, Lala Şahin Pasha, one of the commanders of Murat I takes the land and it is named “Biga.” Parion near Kemer village and Priapos antique ruins in the Karabiga region are within the boundaries of the town.



The ruined ramparts of the ancient city of Priapos, a colony of Miletus, can be seen near Karabiga which is a lovely fishing village today.



One of the most important ancient cities in the district of Biga, Parion derives its name from Paris, the son of Trojan King Priam.




It is one of two islands belonging to our country in the Aegean Sea. Bozcaada which is called Tenedos in archaic ages is mentioned in Iliad of Homer. Heredotos writes that Pelasgions settled to Bozcaada as first. In 334 BC Alexander the Great dominates the Aegean Islands. After 1BC the Roman Empire, then in 1455-1456 the island was taken from Venetians and it was the first island the Turks taking possession in Aegean. In the cemetery ceramic sculptures and pots have been found which is used from 6 BC to the Roman Empire, Yeni Kale which was built by Venetians and the Köprülü Mehmet Pasha Mosque are other productions of the town.


Among the historical places from Ottomans; Yah Mosque, Alaybey Mosque, Namazgah which is used as a park today and its historical fountain, Meryem Ana Church with three naves which was built in 1870 will have an effect on visitors. The place which is defined as Aya Paraskeyi Ayazması is important for Orthodox faith. Today Vintage festivals replaced of Paraskevi Festivals which was arranged here in the past.


The wine distilleries, wind energy facility, vineyards of Bozcaada, Alaybey Mosque, Kimisis Teadoku Rum Orthodox Church, Göztepe, Habbele, Çamlık picnic area, Namazgah Fountain, the houses of the islands, Bozcaada Native History Research Institute, the Tuz Cape(Salt Cape), Köprülü Mehmet Pasha Mosque, the Ayazma marina, the Mermer Cape, Polente Lighthouse are essential places must be seen certainly.


The main of Bozcaada economy is a viniculture because of its climate characteristic. Fishery and
tourism arc important source of income in the town. Besides 4 wane distilleries, wine is made in the houses in the island where Vintage Festivals are arranged. The transportation is gotten by ferryboats departed from Geyikli Yükyeri Port.





This region is called as Sergis in the Archaic Age. Some ancient settlement centers within the boundaries of the town gives us a clue about its archaic period but the establishment date of the town has not been known yet definitely. Çan was annexed to Ottoman lands in 14th century. The town is famous with its thermal springs and it gets famous as the place where the Çanakkale ceramics which one of important Turkish manufactures are made. The thermal spring of Çan in the centrum and the thermal spring of Çan-Tepeköy in Tepeköy are within the boundaries of the town.




Eceabat is known as the name of Maydos(Madikus) in the archaic age. The Sestos Fortress, the Bigali Fortress, the Kilitbahir Fortress and the Seddülbahir Fortress are within the boundaries of the town which is well-known with Ottoman fortress. Historical National Park of Gelibolu Peninsula and war memorials are also within the boundaries of the town.




Ezine which is known as Neandria in the Archaic Age is the Aiolya settlement that established in the old the Saminyon Plain. The town is participated in Attika Delas Sea Union paying tax less at the ends of the 5BC. It surrenders to Sparta commander Derkilidas in 339 BC. At the end of 4BC it unites with Alexandria Troas. The region in the south of the Ezine which is known Sankrea intrenchment was used as the arrestment place for political criminals by the emperors of Byzantine. After the arrival of Turk troops to the region in the reign of Orhan Ghazi, Ezine annexes to Ottoman lands. The Abdurrahman Mosque which is the first examples of Ottoman mosques, the Sefer Şah Mosque and Ahi Yunus Hermitage and Tomb are within the boundaries of the town which is famous with Ezine cheese.


Ancient City of Neandria

The ancient city of Neandria at the foot of Mount Qign is in Ezine District. It boasts the Temple of Athena, which is architecturally important because of its column capitals in Aelian style.


Alexandria Troas

It was established by name Antigoneia by Antigonos Monoftalmos the commander of the Alexander Great in 4BC. According to Strabon, geographer in the beginning of 3rd century BC, the King of Thracian Lysmakhos calls on Alexandreia Troas behalf of Alexander, then he gets started to public housing and dwellers of 7 cities around the environment are placed into orbit. It is known that Alexandria Troas which is one of the biggest cities established in Anatolia lengthens from Gülpınar to Troy and Evciler in the south as city walls with 8 km at length. That is known that the Emperor of Constantine thinks that he would have established Constantinopolis here. The facade of the bath of Herodes Attikus which is a very big structure seemingly is 100 m. and it is the biggest bath structure in Anatolia.


Apollon Smintheus Temple / Gülpınar

The temple of Apollon Smintheus is located in the south – west comer of the Biga Peninsula. The location which was called “Külahlı” until 1920 is within the boundaries of Çanakkale city.


The Kestanbol Thermal Spring

Kırkgeçit Thermal Spring is located between Biga and Çan. Kestanbol Thermal spring is located in Dalyan. This natural and artesian hot spring is 67 degrees Celsius at its source and is 68 degrees in the pools.




Gelibolu so-called Gallipolis in the history is under the sway of Persians, Spartans, Macedonians, Pergamons, Romans, Hunnic Empire, and Byzantines in order. It was conquered by Ghazi Süleyman Pasha in 1354. It was caught by Byzantines again in 1366 but it was annexed the Ottoman lands again by Murat I in 1367 again, too.


Each historical structure of Gelibolu has important characteristics in a class of its own. The Gelibolu Fortress which was built in the archaic age and repaired by Justinianus I, the Ulu Mosque (The Hüdavendigar Mosque) which was built in the reign of Murat I, the Süleyman Pasha Mosque which was built behalf of the conquer of Rumelia keep their original structures substantially. Mevlevihane dated to 1656 is one of the biggest Mevlevihanes of Turkey with its altar. The burial place of Piri Reis has been found in Gelibolu.



PIRI REIS (1465-1554)

Besides to be an important captain in Ottoman naval history, he is a unique cartographer and marine science expert.


The most attractive aspect of Bolayir which is a small and regular town is its cemetery. The cemetery of Namık Kemal who is known as “the poet of homeland” is located here. There is the Süleyman Pasha Tomb next to the cemetery. The Saroz Gulf which is extent across the Gelibolu Peninsula and its northern part located in the Edirne city is a holiday center with its beaches with coast, villas and small hotels. It is in high favor of divers and underwater fish hunters.




There hasn’t been too much information related to its Archaic Age of the island which its old name was İmroz. The fact that is known the Pelasgians were the oldest dwellers of the island. The island was occupied with Athens by Miltiades in 500BC and it remained under the domination of Athens until the domination of Romans. The island was annexed to Ottoman lands by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1455 and it remained between the years of 1922- 1923 under the occupation of the Greeks. According to the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923, the Republic of Turkish took possession the island on 22 September 1923. The Merkez Mosque and Fatih Mosque are located in Yenimahalle. The old Bademli village is under the protection. In the village, historical laundry, the centurial plane in front of it and the buildings of primary schools are worth seeing. The Roman Stone Burial Place which is gone on archeological excavations in the New Bademli Höyük and Kokina regions is also worth seeing ruins. Most of the restaurants and hotels are in the Aşağı Kaleköy. Yukarı Kaleköy was established above foothill of the ruins old fortress.


The only underwater national park of Turkey has interesting stone formation which is located the region between Yildizkoy and Yelkenkaya. It has been assigned to TUDAV (Turkish Marine Sciences Foundation) and it has been declared as the Underwater National Park. Zeytinli village is also under the protection.

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The meal which is called “cullama” is made with island wines, local herbs such as raziyane and nettle in the region. The island is famous with sakızlı muhallebi and dibek coffee. Tepekö’9ay which is located as the highest settlement of the island is under the protection, too. Dereköy is one of the oldest villagers which are under the protection. The village which it was too big with 600 houses in 1950s and 1960s left widely today The Marmaros Waterfall (38 m) is here. The Aydınlı Beach is located in the Eşelek village, and it is good for windsurfing. The Salt Lake is found here where people take mud-bath. After the Kuzulimam, Kaşkaval Cape ( Peynir Kayalıkları- The Cheese Rock) comes. The Uğurlu village, Gizli Liman, Inceburun and Şirinköy are worth seeing.


Gökçeada is 32 miles away from Çanakkale and 14 miles from the Kabatepe Port in Gelibolu Peninsula. The ferryboat excursions are launched from the Kabatepe Port to the island every day.




It is considered Lapseki so-called Lampsakos in the Archaic Age was a colony which was established by the people of Foça(Phokai). On the other hand, Strabon writes that it was a colony of Miletos. A good deal of civilizations dwells in the town. The town remains under the domination of Byzantines until conquering by Ghazi Süleyman Pasha in 1356. It is one of four important cities which are across the Strait. The Çardak that the Turks arrived first here in European side and Umurbey are within the boundaries of the town. Vegetable gardening and fruit growing develop in this region. The mosques of Süleyman Pasha, Umurbey Hüdevendigar, the Abdullah bin Hacı Yakup Tomb and Yakup Bey Social Complex are among the Ottoman works. The ferryboat excursions are launched between the Lapseki which is located in the entrance of Dardanelles and Gelibolu 24 hours nonstop. The cherry festival is organized between 2 and 14 June.




The village is known that it was established by Kınık Turks who inherent from Kızıl Keçili Clan in the beginning of 19th centuries. Yenice which was a village sub-ordinate to the Gönen town of Balıkesir until 1936, after this date it is sub-ordinate to Çanakkale as a town. Hunting tourism is important in the region.



Kalkım which is discovered by the fans of tracking, ecotourism and horse breeding is a beautiful place above Mount of Ida. The deer farm under the protection is a worth seeing place.




Çanakkale Archaeology Museum exhibits archaeological pieces unearthed in Çanakkale and its environs: artefacts found at the Ancient City of Troy, Çan, Yenice and Dardanos tumuli and necropolis of Bozcaada; prehistoric items from Beşiktepe; and tomb steles dating from the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The Statue of Aphrodite of Knidos and the findings from excavations at Assos and Gülpmar are among the pieces of note on display in the museum.

Tel              : 0 286 217 65 65 – 217 67 40

E-mail        : canakkalemuze@kulturturizm.gov.tr

Open hours: 08:00-17:00 (closed on Mondays)





The museum which is subordinate to the Naval Forces Command in Çanakkale and The Dardanelles Command is opened to visit in 1982. The photographs, the model of Nusrat Mine Ship, the Çimenlik Fortress and a picture gallery have been found in the museum.

Tel         : 0 286 213 17 30

E-mail   : ckaleaskerimuze@ttnet.net.tr

Open hours: Barring Mondays and Thursdays 09:00-12:00-13:30-17:00




The museum in Kabatepe of Gelibolu that is subordinate to The National Parks Department was opened to visit in 1987. The museum consists of the Kabatepe Advertisement Center, the Çanakkale Martyrs Memorial, the Çamburnu Administration and Visitor Center, Bigali (Çamyayla)Atatürk House.




The photographs, the documents, war equipments belonging to the Gallipoli Campaign have been on display. The museum was opened to visit partly.




The museum is located in the county of Küçükkuyu. In the museum garden, traditional way of making olive oil soap is exhibited to those who are interested.





A variety of weapons, bullets, munitions which are collected from the battle field after the Gallipoli Campaign and the photographs and the costumes which show the different scenes of Gallipoli Campaign have been on display.

Tel        : 0 286 814 12 97

Open hours: 08:00-17:00, (closed on Mondays).




The house, where Mustafa Kemal Atatürk stayed during the Gallipoli Campaign of World War I, has now become a museum. It is located in the village of Bigali.




The 18th century Hadimoğlu Mansion is the most outstanding Ottoman scructure in Bayramiç. The mansion has been restored and now serves as the Ethnographical Museum.




The ethnographic works such as weaving looms, various narrative clothes and casual equipments which are collected Yenice and it’s around having been on display in an old Turkish house.




Kilitbahir Fortress at the narrowest point of the Strait is splendidly standing directly opposite Çanakkale. It was built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror on the European side to control the passage of ships through the Strait.




The Çimenlik Fortress was also built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror on the Asian side in order to control the passage through the Strait. It is a military museum today.




It is the fortress of an ancient city in Yalova village. The stones of the fortress are used when Bigali Fortress which was built in Eceabat in 1807 and Kilitbahir Fortress are built afterwards.




The fortress which is at the entrance of the Dardanelles was built by Murat I. Today it is used by the Ministry of National Defence.




The fortress in Nara which is 6 km far away Çanakkale began building in the reign of Sultan Selim II in 1807 and it was finished in the reign of Mahmut II.




The fortress had been it made by Ferit Ahmet Pasha in 1659 in the reign of Sultan Mehmet IV.





It is supposed that the fortress was built in the archaic ages. The fortress was repaired by Justinianus I as building all over again. According to Evliya Çelebi, the fortress was a hexagonal on the steep and sharp stones. The fortress had 70 towers. Beside there were 300 houses inner part of the fortress. The mansion belonging to the chiefs of artillerymen and chamberlains and armourers were inside. Only a few tower ruins have been reached until today from this fortress which had cisterns, mosques and the Sultan treasure.




The fortress in the northern side of the Bozcaada Cove was built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet. Its inscription belonging to first construction has not reached until today. However with after restorations it begins to lose its originality significantly.



Only the city walls of the fortress which was built by Genoese in Gökçeada have been reached until today.




It is the last fortress which was built by Ottomans in 1723 and it carries the characteristics of the period. The fountains, the mosque, the waterways in the fortress are among the works which reached until now.





The mosque has a square plan and its inscription inform us that it was built by Sultan Abdulhamit in 1891.




The Vizier Kaptan Mustafa Pasha has it made the mosque in Babakale of Ayvacık in the reign of Sultan Ahmed II in 1725.




A church transformed into a mosque which is known Yeşilyurt Village Mosque in Ayvacık. It hasn’t known when the church was built definitely.




There hasn’t been any certain information about when the mosque was built in Adatepe village of Ayvacık.




It is in the Gelibolu. It was built by Ghazi Suleyman Pasha, the the Conquer of Rumelia in 1358.




It is found in Çardak region of Lapseki town.




It is next to the city walls of Assos ancient, city in Behramkale. It was built in the reign of Murat I(Hüdavendigar) in 14 century with the city’s antique stones.




It is located in the Kemalli village of Ezine.




There has been the burial place of Sefer Şah next to the mosque in Ezine.




The mosque in Ezine was built by in the reign of Orhan Ghazi in the Ottoman period.




It is located in Bolayir.




It is in the garden of the Süleyman Pasha Tomb in Bolayır. Namık Kemal who is “the poet of homeland” is buried at a simple burial place with white marble.




The burial places of Kaptan-ı Derya Damat Sinan Pasha who was son-of-law of Beyazt II and Ayşe Sultan are found in the tomb.




It is located above the French cemetery in Gelibolu.




It was built by the son of Ladikli Siileyman, Aşık in Gelibolu in 1047.




The Gelibolu Dervish Lodge (Mevlevihane) was built in 1656 by the followers of Mevlana, the symbol of tolerance and love for centuries. The building nearby the Millitary Hospital is the second largest dervish lodge in Turkey.




It was built by Tahsin Kalfa in 1911 in Gelibolu.




It was built by Köprülü Mehmet Pasha in 1657 at Yalı Street in Bozcaada.




The inscription of the Alaybey mosque which is located the Square of Bozcaada haven’t reached until today, therefore it hasn’t become definite who and when the mosque was built.




The church which was built by Venetians is open to pray.







It has the bath and bed capacity for 3600 people. It has positive effect on rheumatic, nerve tire, muscular exertion, gynecological diseases, respiratory tract, neurotic diseases and disorders after an operation. Pines and oaks are covered the environment rarely.

Tel : 0 286 637 52 23




It is away 18 km eastern of Bayramiç. It has a positive effect on rheumatic, gynecological and skin diseases, respiratory diseases, nephritis and stroke.



It has a positive effect on rheumatic diseases, diseases related to bones and joints, gynecological diseases, infertility, dermatologic disorders, slipped disc and lumbago.

Tel        : 0 286 416 10 63




It does well for liver, gastric and uretic diseases.

Tel        : 0 286 423 24 74




The water is sulphurous of the thermal spring which is 16 km far away Çan town.

Tel        : 0 286 394 80 08





Open hours 08:00-17:00 (winter), 08:00-19:30 (summer), open every day, Entrance fee.

Tel :0286 283 05 36



Open hours 08:00 17:00 (throughout the year), (open every day), Entrance fee.


Alexandria Troas

Open hours 08:00-17:00 (throughout the year), (open every day), Entrance fee.







One of the aspects about the origin of the name of Çanakkale is that the name originates from pottery manufacturing in the region from the archaic ages. The interests of the museums and collectors have increased in Çanakkale ceramics which produced in the 17-20* centuries differentiated from İznik and Kütahya Çinis.




The weaving is widespread among the yoruks in the villages of Ezine, Bayramiç and Ayvacık. The carpets which have motifs particular to Anatolia and yellow, red, blue and green colors mainly have been weaved woolen %100.



Do not leave Çanakkale without…


* Visiting the Historic National Park of Gallipoli Peninsula,

* Soaking up the atmosphere of the ancient city of Troy,

* Scuba diving in the tranquil waters of Gökçeada,

* Seeing the mythological Mount Ida,

* Viewing a spectacular sunset at Assos,

* Tasting tempting regional dishes and locally produced wine,

* Sampling Ezine cheese and olive oil…






Çanakkale and its towns is heaven of sea foods. It is possible to find fresh fish and sea food in each season. Çanakkale Kordon and the restaurants in the Kordon it is offered that sardine may be eaten through summer, and bonito and loufer may be eaten through winter. The grapes of

Bozcaada and Gökçeada and wines which is made with traditional methods from grapes here ma be tasted certainly. Among the traditional foods, düğün soup, soup with milk, soup with fish, sardine in vine leave, deep fried meat with yogurt, şaraşura, göçe, güve aşı, mashed feaves, bean, a dish of mutton, salad with turnip, silkme mantı with meat and chickpea; among sea foods salted tunny, boklu kebab, sardine in taş fırın; among the desserts cheese dessert, Mevlevi dessert, zerde, Biga cheese dessert, basma halva are experienced.





The ceramic pottery, ancient handicraft productions from Çanakkale; cheese, olive, olive oil from Ezine; wine from Gökçeada and Bozcaada have been advised for buying.






Emergency 112
Police 155
Gendarmerie 156
Coastguard 158
Governor 0 286 217 12 34
Municipality 0 286 217 54 02
State Hospital 0 286 217 10 98
SSK Hospital 0 286 217 10 96
Post Office / PTT 0 286 217 88 00
Police Station 0 286 217 52 62
Tourism Police 0 286 217 52 60
Archaeology Museum 0 286 217 65 65



Tel       : 0 286 217 23 71

0 286 217 25 34

0 286 217 37 91

0 286 212 45 22

E-mail: iktm17@kultur.gov.tr



Tel      : 0 286 217 11 87

0 286 213 66 99




This distance between Çanakkale to neighbouring provinces and important centres;

Çanakkale – Ankara 653 km

Çanakkale – Istanbul 320 km

Çanakkale – İzmir 325 km

Çanakkale – Bursa 271 km

Çanakkale – Balıkesir 207 km

Çanakkale – Tekirdağ 194 km

Çanakkale – Edirne 217 km



Tel: 0 286 217 56 53



Çanakkale Airport: 0 286 213 10 21



There are ferryboats running between Çanakkale-Eceabat, Çanakkale Kilitbahir, Gelibolu-Lapseki, Bozcaada-Odunluk, Çanakkale-Gökçeada and Kabatepe-Gökçeada.

GESTAŞ Tel   : 0 286 217 11 88



The transportation between Çanakkale and its towns is gotten by sea and by land. The transportation from Çanakkale city center to Troia, Assos, Alexandria-Troas and other centers is notably easy. There have been bus services from Çanakkale city center to important center such as Assos or Troia.



There are car ferries running backwards and forwards from the Ezine Yükyeri Wharf to Bozcaada.



The ferryboat services are arranged from the Kabatepe Catwalk in Gallipoli and Çanakkale to Gökçedeada and time tables have changed according to seasons.



Cevatpaşa Mah. Ziveriye Sk. No. 18 Çanakkale

Tel                    : 0 286 217 11 88

: 0 286 444 0 752




The State Fine Arts Gallery


The mansion belonging to Necip Pasha who is Dardanelles artillery brigade in the Ottoman period is built between the years of 1885-1900. The mansion carries the characteristics of Art Nouveau architectural style. The mansion which has gone under the name of Madam Hatti, English citizen who is the old owner is bestowed to The Çanakkale City Hall after the death of Madam Hatti. Today it is located at Kayserili Ahmet Pasha Street and it has been used as Fine Arts Gallery. In the entrance of the building a collection which consists of old Çanakkale photographs has been on exhibition constantly, and various exhibitions related to plastic arts is organized in the year.

Tel       : 0 286 217 61 61


Mehmet Akif Ersoy Theatre and Culture Centre

Tel        : 0 286 217 50 12 – 0 286 217 37 91


Mehmet Akif Ersoy Provincial Public Library

Tel       : 0 286 217 23 69



Afm Sinemalan : 0 286 214 10 66



Sauna and Baths

Ferhat Hamam & Sauna:0 286 217 33 45

Büyük Hamam   :0 286 217 24 45

Yalı Hamamı      :0 286 217 23 67



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