Turkey Country Profile

turkey country

Official Name Republic of Turkey Founder

Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK

Date of Foundation

October 29, 1923






The Population is 99% Muslim Area

814.578 km2 Currency TL (Turkish Lira) Geographical Coordinates

Eastern Meridians 26 and 45 and Northern Parallels 36 and 42 Time Zone

In winter (October-March) GMT+2; CET +1;and EST (US) +7; and in summer GMT +3
Coastal borders

Mediterranean Sea in the south, Aegean Sea in the west and Black Sea in the north


Although Turkey is located in a geographic region, where climatic conditions are moderate, different natural vegetations and mountains extending parallel to the coastlines lead to significant inter-regional climatic conditions. Therefore, travelers are advised to obtain information on the climate and weather conditions in advance. (For instance, as the coastal regions have a gentle climate, the Central Anatolian Plateau experiences very hot summers and very cold winters due to limited precipitation.)

Largest Cities

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Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana

Electricity Network

The power rating applicable throughout Turkey is 220 V AC, 50 Hz. Standard continental plugs with two terminals (grounded) are used. International Telephone Code +90

Cell Phone Use

There are two wave bands: 900 MHz and 1800 MHz. Local GSM operators have prepaid calling cards.
Public Holidays

23 April, National Sovereignty and Children’s Day 19 May, Commemoration of Atatürk and Sports Day 30 August, Victory Day 29 October, Republic Day Religious Holidays, Ramadan and Sacrifice Festivities (Their dates are variable because they are determined according to the Lunar Calendar)

Internet suffix .tr

Emergency Calls

Medical Emergency 112
Firebrigade 110
Traffic 154
Police 155
Gendarmerie 156
Coast Guard 158
Forest Fire 177
Health Info 184


T.R. Ministry of Culture and Tourism www.kulturturizm.gov.tr

T.R. Ministry of Foreign Affairs www.mfa.gov.tr

T.R. Ministry of Health www.saglik.gov.tr

General Directorate of Security www.egm.gov.tr

Turkish State Railways www.tcdd.gov.tr





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