Kaymakamlar House

KAYMAKAMLAR HOUSE

Kaymakam House is an important example that reflects the history, culture and life style as well as the technology of 18th and 19th century community.
The owner was Hacı Mehmet Efendi, Commander of Safranbolu Military Quarters. As Hacı Mehmet Efendi was called “Kaim-Makam”, Ottoman equivalent of Lieutenant Colonel, his family and thus their house has been called with this name among the public.
Expropriated and renovated in 1979 in the scope of Safranbolu Protection and Improvement Project by the Ministry of Culture, Kaymakam House was opened on December 16, 1981 as an Education Center. In line with the development of the tourism business in recent years and improvements in terms of both quantity and quality, the house was turned into a Museum House by our Town Administration Service Union; yard and janitor’s building have been renovated and turned into a cafeteria.

Architectural Specifications of Kaymakam House:
Traditional grand family style reaching our date has affected the design and therefore the architecture of Safranbolu houses. Large families are segmented in small units within the family as well. Father, mother, sons, daughters-in- law, uncles, and aunts live together. Accordingly, each room has been rendered as a separate living space.
The walls of the ground floor were made of stone to add to the endurance of the building that was largely constructed in wood, in addition to load bearing, eliminating the wear and tear of the building, and for purposes of protection from the outside dangers. Upper floors of the building on the other hand feature crossbeams and mud-brick filling. Ceiling and floor woodwork, doors, wood engravings, and closets were made of yellow pine.
Roof surrounds the vividness of the facades with its large eaves.
The First and second floors were spread out around the courtyard, the S main element of the plan, and were encompassed from the stone walls of the ground floor to the street and yard by means of buttresses, ensuring the level of desired plan. This plan reached a TURKISH HOUSE plan through the top floor around the courtyard that centralizes. Two rooms around the stairs of the first floor are Selamlik (public area) while the sections directly opposite and upstairs are Harem (private area). Each room features a sedir (sofa) type sitting layout, with meals had on floor table, beds are laid on floor, and bathing takes part in bathroom located in closet, where beds are kept. Windows ensure that the house receives plenty of daylight while ceiling engravings made of chestnut and pine lumber are rich examples of taste and aesthetic.

Hayat (Life): Located on the ground floor, “Hayat” is the section with soil or stone laid ground. From Hayat, stairs take us to upper floors. Lower end of the stairs is called pabuçluk (shoe area). There are soundproof and firm walls around the street. Curtain lights in form of wooden grills around the yard façade illuminates and ventilates Hayat while protecting from outer threads.

Hall (Pergola): The most important element of the house is the hall that combines the rooms and changes the design of the house as a whole. Rooms, ablution area, larder, and stairs are open to hall. Hall is also used as a living room, dining room with floor tables, and entertainments, games and even religious memorial services are held here.

Rooms: The rooms of the middle storey of the house, which are 7 in total, are reserved for daily living room activities and working, and upper floor rooms are reserved for the use of daughters-in-law, guests and generally as bedrooms. Entrances to room are from one side. There is no direct access to rooms from the hall. A wooden curtain that is located directly opposite to the door blocks the internal view from outside.

Selamlik (Public Area): In old times, traditions and religion closed the home to outside and women were not seen by foreign men. For outsiders, women and men were two separate communities. These are called Harem and Selamlik of the house respectively. During a wedding, men dined and entertained together in Selamlik section together with the groom.

Harem (Private Area): Mostly rich residences have two separate entrances and two stairs, one for Harem and another for Selamlik. In Harem, Kina Gecesi (Henna Night) of women is animated by mannequins wearing traditional clothing called Bindalli-tefebaş.

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Whirling Closet: A whirling Closet is made between the hall and Harem area so that the women serving the foreign men in Selamlik are not seen publicly. Cups and dishes placed in the chambers are served by turning the whirling closet.

Head Room: On the top floor of the house there is Head Room on the best façade with a ceiling that is crafted more enthusiastically than the other rooms, a sofa layout, windows that receive daylight from both directions, and a fire-place and wooden engravings that feature the best of wood adornment craftsmanship as well as closets that are also used as washroom. This room is used as guest room.

Bride’s Room: Used by the eldest bride of the house, this room is used multi-purposed. As in all rooms, living, dining, sleeping and washing could be made here. The most important aspect is that the furniture is mobile. The furniture such as cradle and bed is brought out when necessary and brought back after use. There are entrances from this room to chest room and children’ room.

Chest Room: This is a connecting room between the bride’s room and children’ room where bride’s dowry chest, outfits, as well as iron and sewing machine are kept.

Children Room: This is the room where elder children and adopted daughters stayed. Although this room features engravings, closets, windows overlooking the street, and a sofa layout, there are no wooden engravings on the ceiling. Kitchen (Cookhouse): The room reserved as the kitchen is on the middle floor. Housewife lives, works warms up and prepares food and pita bread here. Food is usually served in the kitchen. Material required for cooking are kept around the fire-place in small quantities. Fully-copper containers, pans, frying pans, jugs and carafes that are used on kitchen on the upstairs are exhibited here for decorative purposes. Moreover, there is a cellar and an outer pergola in the other end of this kitchen.

Cellar: Materials for food required in the kitchen are kept in the cellar. In cellar there are stores and a wire closet.

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You can visit Kaymakam Museum House everyday.
Hıdırlık Yokuşu Sokak No:6 Çarşı / SAFRANBOLU

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