In spite of the fact that Eskişehir (Old City) is the second largest city in the Central Anatolia after Ankara, it does not look so by its appearance. Almost the whole city is new except for Odunpazari quarter that is situated on a comparatively high location. This name Eskişehir is given to it for the reason that an old Phrygian city was erected here with the name Dorylaerum. The Porsuk stream running through the city divides it into two sections. There are thermal waters in the city centre, the baths are cheap simply because they do not have any heating expenses and they all have pools large enough to swim in. There has usually been a train subject in Eskişehir’s history. With its railway industry, from car construction to engine construction, and its being on a junction point of rail ways have made the fate of Eskişehir in this way. The old city’s texture can be seen in Odunpazari (wood market) to some extent. The Alaaddin Mosque (1220) is the only Seljuk and the Kurşunlu Mosque (1525, thought to have been built by Sinan The Architect) is the only Ottoman structures that could survive until date. Quite a few of the old houses are still on their feet. Some of them are in a very well maintained condition.

The Archaeological Museum, first opened in Kurşunlu Mosque in 1974, was later moved to its new location on the Polatkan Boulevard in “Şehitlik” Quarter behind the Lyceum of Republic. The city may not be considered wealthy with its historical relics but it is wealthy with its museum that is full of findings from its vicinity. It must be visited. The Yunus Emre Ethnographical Museum consists of 5 main sections. The Museum is one of the bests in Turkey. The easy to work and rare meerschaum (sepiolite) is found around Eskişehir area only. Some tourist articles and especially pipe are made from it. It is one of the important export products of the city. There is a meerschaum museum in Eskişehir too. Some items made of meerschaum are on display in the Yunus Emre Cultural Centre museum.

University City

Today’s Eskişehir is a city of youth, as everybody shall see. There two large universities. One is Anadolu University and the other is Orhan Gazi University. The Yunus Emre campus of the Anadolu University is a cultural centre for the people of Eskişehir as well as for the students of the university . The Atatürk Cultur Centre located in the campus with a large opera and concert hall and other two small halls has been a spot of art festivals of Eskişehir.

The Japan Garden in the campus is a botany garden and a source of breath for the city and the citizens. Right across the Yunus Emre Campus is the Aviation Park. Î 3 aircraft retired from the Eskişehir Air Base are displayed there for public interest. The large students population settled not only in the campus but also in the city centre add value to the living and the economy of the city.

Around Eskişehir

Picnic sites are on the Kütahya road, in the Forestry nursery about 10-km from the city centre. The small rivers and water springs in Çifteler district, Sakarbaşı where one can always buy fresh fish, the dam lake regulator where people can swim and have a rowboat ride. You can try the local dishes too. We can recommend you to taste Çiğbörek (raw burek) a Tatar meal or some of their koftehs (meat-balls).

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Seyit Battal Gazi’s tomb is in a large complex in Seyitgazi district 40-km from the city centre. Built in 1208 and repaired in 1551. It was further repaired in 1960′s.

Yazilikaya – City of Midas

The most important of the ruins and of the Phrygian monuments is the place where Yazilikaya is.this 20-meter high rock monument on the western edge of the village is also called as Midas Monument because his name is mentioned in the carvings on its facets. There are geometrical patterns on the facets and it ends with a triangular top. The niche underneath is most likely carved as an altar for Kybele. There are a few other rock monuments in the neighbourhood named Küçük Yazilikaya, Maltaş and Kırık Aslantaş (Broken Lion Stone). On the sides of the steps leading to the top of the city of Midas are some reliefs of late Hittite style carved on the rocks. In addition to these, there are numerous altars on the top. There are Phrygian inscriptions on these altars. One of the most important ones of them is known as the “Throne of Midas”.

Yunus Emre Village This village, by the railway in the south of Mihalıççık district, is the burial place of Yunus Emre the great poet of the 13th century. His monumental grave is there. There are many more other graves elsewhere dedicated to him but it is not known for sure which one is the real one.


The history of İnönü goes as far back till Phrygian settlement but it gained its fame from the battles of İnönü during the independence war of Turkey. The Hoca Yadigar Mosque and the Şeyh Kuddusi Mosque are worthwhile to visit. There is a parachute jumping and sail plane training facility in İnönü.

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